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December 13, 2023
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 min read

Artificial Intelligence Demystified: Understanding AI for Beginners in 2024

Artificial Intelligence Demystified: Understanding AI for Beginners in 2024
Fig.1: With RPA, chatbots are transformed into virtual workhorses that streamline operations and allow businesses to provide services more quickly and effectively. (Photo by on Freepik)

Artificial Intelligence is revolutionizing our world across various fronts, often without us recognizing its presence. Whether it's through virtual assistants like Siri, website chatbots, or personalized suggestions on platforms, AI has seamlessly integrated into our daily routines. However, what is artificial intelligence, and how does it function? Besides, do you know how artificial intelligence is developing? If your answer is no, you are at the right place. In today’s article, we are going to answer all of these questions and take a look at the artificial intelligence basics. Let’s dive in without wasting any time! 


  • A Brief History of Artificial Intelligence
  • How It Works?
  • Why Is It Important?

Let’s dive in!

Fig.2: A pivotal aspect of contemporary AI is the utilization of a neural network model known as Deep Learning. This methodology allows the construction of intricate and adaptable neural networks capable of being trained on extensive datasets.

A Brief History of Artificial Intelligence 

Describing Artificial Intelligence can be hard because it involves blending different technologies to make devices smart like humans. In simple terms, AI means machines getting, understanding, and using information to do things that humans usually do, like recognizing sights and sounds, making decisions, and understanding language. To understand better, let’s take a look at the history of artificial intelligence.

AI saw ups and downs in the '60s and '70s, marked by breakthroughs and challenges. The Logic Theorist in the early '60s by Allen Newell and Herbert Simon boosted AI by proving math theorems. ELIZA, created by Joseph Weizenbaum in '66, sparked interest in chatbots, simulating human talk. But limitations in computing power held back AI in that era. In the '90s, AI bloomed with tech strides like SVM and DNN, enhancing pattern recognition and decision-making. IBM's Deep Blue beating Garry Kasparov in chess in '97 highlighted AI's strategic skills. By the 2000s, advanced computing made smarter algorithms, championed by tech giants like Google and Amazon, pushing AI into medicine, finance, and self-driving tech. Today, AI thrives, powered by Deep Learning and neural networks. It's revolutionizing medicine, aiding disease diagnosis and treatments using vast patient data. It's also reshaping transportation with self-driving cars and drones, thanks to computer vision and advanced decision-making tech.

How It Works?

Traditional programming involves providing computers with specific step-by-step instructions, while machine learning diverges by enabling computers to learn from data without direct programming. Here's a quick breakdown:

Firstly, machine-learning algorithms are trained using data—like labeled images to teach recognition of cats, enabling the system to learn. The algorithm examines the data, searching for patterns and relationships, tweaking its internal settings to improve pattern detection. Once optimized, the model applies this learning to predict or make decisions based on new, unseen data. Continuously learning from fresh data further refines the system's model over time.

This iterative method allows machines to learn and advance without explicit programming. Neural networks, mirroring aspects of human brain function, excel at identifying patterns and unique data features. Notably, deep learning, a specialized branch of machine learning, has advanced significantly, fueled by increased computational capabilities. The progress in neural networks and machine learning has greatly influenced the surge in AI applications, enabling machines to replicate human decision-making processes.

Why Is It Important? 

AI holds immense potential in reshaping our lifestyles, workplaces, and recreational activities. In the business landscape, it's effectively automated human tasks across various domains like customer service, lead generation, fraud detection, and quality control. AI often outperforms humans, particularly in repetitive tasks such as meticulously analyzing extensive legal documents, executing jobs swiftly and with minimal errors. Its ability to process massive datasets uncovers insightful operational perspectives for enterprises. The burgeoning array of generative AI tools will significantly impact diverse fields, from education and marketing to product design. AI advancements have not only driven efficiency but also created new business prospects for major enterprises. Uber, a Fortune 500 company, exemplifies this by leveraging computer software to connect riders to taxis. Major corporations like Alphabet, Apple, Microsoft, and Meta integrate AI into their operations to gain competitive edges. For instance, at Alphabet's Google, AI powers the search engine, Waymo's self-driving cars, and Google Brain, the inventor of the transformer neural network architecture crucial for recent strides in natural language processing.

As AI becomes more widespread in businesses, it's increasingly relied upon for important decisions. It's now a common technology used for innovation, improving customer experiences, and boosting profits, accessible to both big companies and smaller ones. Instead of replacing humans in jobs, the future might see humans and machines working together, enhancing skills and productivity.

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